A History of Internet Art

The following material was presented by Zachary Kaplan, editor of Rhizome.org, during Laurel Schwulst's Interactive Design class at Yale on February 8, 2015.

Kit Galloway, Sherrie Rabinowitz, Hole in Space (1980)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SyIJJr6Ldg8

The Thing, BBS organized by Wolfgang Staehle (1991)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Thing_(art_project)

1993 — Eternal September

1994 — Netscape Navigator, GeoCities

Trojan Coffee Cup Cam (1991/1993)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trojan_Room_coffee_pot

Douglas Davis, The World's First Collaborative Sentence (1994)
http://whitney.org/Exhibitions/Artport/DouglasDavis

Jodi.org (1995)
http://wwwwwwwww.jodi.org/

DIA launches online exhibitions platform (
1995)
http://archive.rhizome.org/artbase/56398/timeline.html

1996 — rhizome.com

1996 — Adobe Flash

Olia Lialina, My Boyfriend Came Back from the War (1996)
http://www.teleportacia.org/war/

mouchette.org (1996)
http://mouchette.org

1997 — Carnivore; FBI surveillance tool for networks

Alexei Shulgin, Form Art (1997)
http://www.c3.hu/collection/form/

Heath Bunting, Read Me (1998)
http://www.irational.org/_readme.html

Mark Napier, Riot (1999)
http://potatoland.org/riot/

1999 — Napster; high-speed cable internet affordability

YOUNG-HAE CHANG HEAVY INDUSTRIES, Bust Down the Door (2000)
http://archive.rhizome.org/splash/Y-H_Chang/BUST_DOWN_THE_DOOR.html

Eva and Franco Mattes, Life Sharing (2000-2003)
http://0100101110101101.org/life-sharing/

1999-2001 — Dot com bubble bursting

June 26, 2000: Google becomes the most popular search engine

August 2000 — deviantart.com

October 2001 — Patriot Act

2001 — Bit Torrent

Cory Arcangel, Super Mario Clouds (2002)
http://www.coryarcangel.com/things-i-made/supermarioclouds/

2002 — Friendster

Whitney Museum Artport (Launched 2002)
http://whitney.org/Exhibitions/Artport

2003 — MySpace; del.icio.us; Second Life

2004 — The Facebook

2005 — Google Reader

Thomson and Craighead, Beacon  (2005)
http://www.automatedbeacon.net

2006 — Twitter / Modern Google Maps

Cory Arcangel, Gif (2006)
http://www.coryarcangel.com/things-i-made/2006-019-handmadegif

VVORK, 2006-2012 [BERLIN]
http://www.vvork.com

Nasty Nets surf club (2006)
http://archive.rhizome.org/artbase/53981/nastynets.com

Spirit Surfers surf club (2008)
http://www.spiritsurfers.net/monastery

Cory Arcangel, Sans Comic (2008)
http://www.coryarcangel.com/things-i-made/2008-079-sans-comic

2007 — Guthrie Lonergan's Hackers vs. Defaults
http://guthguth.blogspot.com/2007/01/hacking-defaults-hacking-nintendo.html

Petra Cortright, VVEBCAM (2007)
http://archive.rhizome.org/artbase/53474/vvebcam.html

June 6, 2007 — the iPhone is released

2008 — Tumblr

JODI, GEO GOO (2008)
http://geogoo.net

November 2, 2008 — Contemporary Art Daily
http://www.contemporaryartdaily.com

The Jogging, founded 2009 (Brad Troemel, Lauren Christensen) [CHICAGO]
http://thejogging.tumblr.com

Kari Altmann, Ruins (2009-)
http://r-u-ins.org

October 2010 — Instagram

Ryder Ripps's DUMP FM (2010)
http://dump.fm

Oliver Laric, versions (2010)
http://oliverlaric.com/versions.htm

December, 2011 — Zynga IPO

July 2011 — Snapchat

One Terabyte of Kilobyte Age, 2011
http://oneterabyteofkilobyteage.tumblr.com

May 2013 — Edward Snowden leaks classified documents about bulk data collection to Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras

Amalia Ulman, Excellences and Perfections (2014)
http://webenact.rhizome.org/excellences-and-perfections


Updated on January 13, 2016